The effects of relaxation techniques on pain, fatigue and kinesiophobia in patients with multiple sclerosis: a 3-arm randomized trial

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J Neurosci Nurses. 2022 Feb 10. doi:10.1097/JNN.0000000000000620. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In addition to available medical treatment options, patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) may tend to undergo complementary and integrative therapies. Relaxation techniques are a non-pharmacological, side-effect-free treatment option currently available to relieve the symptoms of many different chronic conditions. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the effects of relaxation techniques on pain, fatigue and kinesiophobia in patients with MS. METHODS: This 3-arm randomized controlled trial consisted of 80 patients with MS. Relaxation techniques, progressive muscle relaxation and Benson relaxation technique were applied to 2 intervention groups, the third was the control group. The study lasted 12 weeks and the Patient Information Form, Visual Analogue Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia were used for data collection. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant decrease in pain, fatigue and kinesiophobia levels in the intervention groups compared to the control group (P

PMID:35149625 | DOI:10.1097/JNN.0000000000000620

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